Four organizational layers: a guide for grassroots activists on organizing and organizations

§1. There are four levels of abstraction in analysing organizations. These are summarised in the following table.

Four layers 01

Ideology is the theoretical analysis of the underlying reasons for the issue the organization deals with. This issue can be as general as inequality, racism, exploitation, sexism, justice or war, or as specific as increased working hours in a single company.*

Ideology is all about what people refer as “-ism”s. The ideology is the lens through which an organization sees the world. All organizations (and all individuals) have ideology: they may be implicit, incomplete or incoherent, but all organizations objectively have ideologies. Its denial can be an implicit way of recognizing the status quo or a simple refusal to methodically analysing the world.

Some examples are: capitalist, communist, democrat, ecosocialist, fascist, liberal, marxist, nationalist, neoliberal, social-democrat, and socialist.

Non-party and non-party-affiliated organizations generally unite people of various ideologies, so they tend to refuse identifying themselves with a single ideology or they may prefer to use vaguer terms. For instance, a neighborhood assembly may want to be welcoming to all the neighbors and may therefore refer to itself as a space for “direct democracy” or “active democracy” without any specific ideology. A political party, which by definition aims at changing the society as a whole, would need infinitely more clarity and solidity among its members, so the party militants would share the same ideology as well as the same programme. A political party should be able to respond to all kinds of social questions and therefore needs a guiding ideology to collectively analyse contemporary issues.

Generally speaking, only political parties would be required to organize at the ideological level.

My understanding is that Climáximo has an anti-capitalist ideological orientation. The word anti-capitalist was intentionally not included in my examples of ideologies above, because it is an umbrella term for several ideologies that identify capitalism as the root cause of the climate crisis while allowing for a range of possible alternative social proposals.Dilbert-Strategy

Politics is the general political agenda of the organization. In the civil society terminology, this is generally referred as the vision and in political parties it is the party programme.

The political position of an organization is its answer to the issue it deals with. On climate change, some examples of political positions are climate justice, energy democracy, degrowth, green growth and sustainable development. Note that some of these items are incompatible with each other while others can be complementary.

Most social movements and civil society groups are organized at political level. They may accommodate a mixture of ideologies compatible with their political position.

Generally speaking, an organization’s political position is the organization’s declaration of when it would dissolve itself. In an oversimplified setting, a feminist group would become less relevant as gender equality advances.**

While there may be many grey areas, an organization’s political stance is its engine and its measure of success: Climáximo moves towards climate justice, and it considers itself successful as closer as it gets to climate justice.

Since Climáximo has some degree of ideological clarity, it is capable of adopting several political alignments simultaneously (e.g. climate justice, energy democracy, just transition, etc.).

Strategies are the achievable steps towards an organization’s political position.

Generally speaking, campaigns and alliances belong in this category. Some examples of campaigns from the climate movement can be Climate Jobs, Green New Deal, 100% Renewables, Fee and Dividend, and Divestment. A good example of an alliance is Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo.

Strategies consist of objectives that are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Ambitious, Actionable, Relevant, Realistic and Time-oriented. (See SMART objective.) A good strategy has SMART objectives for the short-term and long-term as well as organizational objectives (objectives for a qualitative or quantitative improvement of the organization itself), and ideally the organization regularly controls and reviews its activities in view of its objectives.

Strategies are informed and oriented by the politics of the organization. Their soundness is controlled by the organization’s ideology.

Tactics is real life.

Tactics include all kinds of initiatives like seminars, marches, direct actions and meetings. The reader can think of zillions of action examples. However, tactics can also include longer projects and action platforms.

An example of a project is Autarquias Livres de Petróleo e Gás, which united several groups to create pressure on the local election candidates in 2017. An example of an action platform is Parar o Furo, which used open source organizing to articulate the popular opposition to the Aljezur drill in 2018. Both of these examples were oriented by the “fossil-free Algarve” strategy of the groups involved.

Generally speaking, tactics are designed to mobilize, inspire and unite large numbers of people.

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A simplistic summary of this layout is: Ideologies make heavy books, politics make books, strategies make reports, and tactics make posters.

§2. One essential remark I want to make is that ideology is factual, not optional. Some ecology organizations try to avoid ideological labeling. The honest ones do this as they intend to propose “something new” to the society, something that previous ideological organizations did not try. This is not the negation of ideology. What they mean is that they are trying to build an ideology of their own which is not yet as clear as the previous ones. Other ecology groups outright deny ideologies per se; but this is part of the post-modern intellectual confusion. No organization can function without a guiding world analysis. Refusing to identify and clarify this worldview is called populism, which also ironically ends with an -ism.

§3. Here are two examples to apply some of these terms.

We identified Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo (PALP) at the strategy level above. Its activities are compatible with various political stances, and it has a rather broad ideological orientation.

However, PALP consists of tens of organizations. Let us shift our angle and look at PALP from these organizations’ viewpoint: Sciaena has its own political position and several campaigns. As a strategic choice it decides to work on oil exploration. It forms an alliance with other groups, called PALP. This alliance now has an existence of its own, and can build its own strategy together with the other groups in the platform.

In this sense, PALP is a permanent platform. It is an entity and has its own strategic and operational principles.

The action camp Camp in Gas lives in the tactical layer. It is an action platform: it involves different groups; it has its own escalation plan until the camp, with several preparatory actions; and it will last for several months. In this sense, Camp in Gas is a temporary platform. While it does create a collaborative space for various groups and individuals, it has only very basic organizational structures.

§4. Within social movements, we find platforms, alliances, projects, networks, etc. Naming an organization and identifying its layer are not purely academic considerations. It clarifies how an individual can (or cannot) get involved and how another organization can relate to it. An organization joins an alliance, endorses a campaign, participates in a network. These imply different degrees of duties and responsibilities. An individual can join a network but cannot participate in an alliance.

§5. No organizational layer is categorically better than others. Each layer has its advantages and drawbacks, and successful social change requires coordinated effort of agents at every layer.

The higher we go in the table (tactics → strategy → politics → ideology), the more consolidated a group we find. In general, members of organizations formed at the ideological level have more opinions in common. Having ideological affinity, these people can reach consensus more smoothly, and take action more rapidly.

Also, generally, the higher levels imply more clarity within the organization. New situations and developments can be interpreted collectively as the organization possesses common theoretical tools to analyse them.

On the other hand, the lower we go in the table (ideology → politics → strategy → tactics), the more tangible the issue becomes. Through concrete proposals it is easier to inspire and mobilize the population.

Furthermore, generally, more people would identify themselves with a particular action rather than a complete pack of ideas. Each activist can participate in an action for a different reason. (Ask anti-austerity protesters why they are on the street and you will hear hundreds of different answers.)

§6. Spontaneous and structured control mechanisms are essential to keep an organization on the right track. Each tactic should be double-checked with the strategy and politics, and each strategy should be double-checked with politics and ideology. For every new proposal, one standard question is “What does it serve for?”.

This may seem obvious but in practice it is definitely not simple. Tactical manoeuvres may corrupt an organization’s political stance: Successive reformist tactics – each of which was a success on its own – made the European socialist parties into social-democrat bourgeois parties. At any given point, legal activities were more yielding than investing in illegal organizing; and thus many revolutionary organizations of the past got integrated into the status quo.

Conversely, rigid political considerations may block up tactics altogether: All sufficiently big demonstrations carry the risk of being hijacked by the opposite political camp; or, all actions may be – potentially – contained by the status quo. Historically, many organizations turned into discussion groups or journalist collectives through continuous preoccupations for political hygiene.

§7. Nothing I said above is new for party militants. As one goes further up in the layers the more theoretical understanding of organizing a member needs. A person participating in tens of actions starts to feel the necessity for a strategic framework for these actions. (“What does it serve for?” is a natural question.) Someone participating in several campaigns realizes the connections between these issues. A natural tendency to integrate these brings about a political contemplation. Finally, a political activist starts to analyse the root causes of the problems, which brings her slowly to party lines. (The party she looks for may or may not exist around her. That’s a totally different conversation.)

§8. A well-functioning organization of each layer requires a different kind of organizational culture and leadership.***

At the tactical level, good organizing requires practical people with a clear plan. Think about an action or a conference organizing team. All participants should know what will happen and when, they should know the logistical and political needs, and there should be a clear definition of roles among the members. It should also be clear to everyone what a successful action is. Leadership at this layer principally needs communication skills: she should inspire for action; communicate clearly; and be able to deal with different kinds of people. A tactical leader should also be flexible and a quick decision-maker, as she would face unexpected problems and opportunities.

At the strategy level, good organizing requires resourceful people with a long-term plan and structure. Think about a campaign. The organizers should know the demands, the objectives and the functioning of the campaign. If we are talking about a platform consisting of various organizations, it should be clear how decisions are made. The leadership needs strong orchestration skills. A campaign attracts people with actions ideas, the leader would thus make sure the resources are used wisely and effectively, without alienating the newcomers. Also, she should know how to delegate tasks to various people of different skills, and should be able to guide newcomers through practical know-how of the campaign (how to paint banners, who knows where to organize a meeting, etc.).

At the political level, good organizing requires strategists that trust each other and know each others’ skills. Think of an activist group. The group would have different tasks ranging from technical maintenance (website, materials etc.) to political organizing (preparing meetings, launching campaigns etc.) and it may assign fixed roles to some people. If the group has several lines of action, the degree of autonomy of each campaign should be clear. Leadership at the political level needs strong coordination skills as she would need to intertwine several campaign calendars. A certain sense of diplomacy may be needed as groups often talk to other groups or entities, with the aim of negotiating or cooperating.

At the ideological level, good organizing requires versatile people with a shared worldview. A good amount of organizational time and energy should be dedicated to theoretical and political discussions, in order to create a collective identity. An organization formed at the ideological level should have tools to build opinions about all kinds of issues. Members might not be fluent at all political fronts simultaneously, but should definitely know how to surf through them. For instance, in a socialist political party, all members would be expected to react to racist or sexist attitudes almost naturally, while only some members would be the spokespersons on these subjects. It is hard if not impossible to identify one single talent or skill to highlight for good leadership at this level. Maybe two notes are worth mentioning: Firstly, a leader should know how to attract and create other leaders, and should know how to supervise political processes without getting fully engaged in their execution. Secondly, a leader at the ideological level should have a strong sense of strategy. (I sometimes say that people who don’t have several active social media accounts should not be allowed in the central committee of a political party in today’s world. A leader should have direct experience of the direction the society is taking and should be well-versed in contemporary culture.)

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§9. We hear stories of a political party taking over a civil society organization, or an activist group dominating a campaign. This can be very frustrating for the people involved. Such situations happen for several reasons, many of which are well-intended and honest. I will address three cases.

First reason is a lack of understanding of the organizational layers. The cultural environment needed at each layer is different and that culture needs to be created. Activists of one layer sometimes fail to adapt to the new layer and therefore try to reproduce the culture they are familiar with. For instance, they might ask for an exaggerated degree of political clarity (e.g. “We are denouncing this oil company with this action, but is it because we think other corporations are nicer, do we defend green capitalism?” or “We want to stop this oil drilling, but do we consider nuclear energy as an alternative?”). This blurs the focus of the organization, which results in splits and divisions, thereby leaving only a certain kind of opinion inside the organization. There is a simple but difficult solution to this, which is to have clear guidelines about the aims and functioning of the organization. If we are talking about a platform of organizations, it should be clear what it means to endorse the cause and how decisions are made. If we are talking about a neighborhood assembly, it should be clear if members can be representatives of other organizations or if they must participate individually.

Another reason is assigning wrong tasks to the people with wrong skills: a good leader at one layer stands out; as part of her political training, the organization gives her tasks at a lower layer; the confusion starts. An activist with strong diplomatic skills can fail to make a powerful speech at a rally. A personal tendency to look at the big picture can be constraining when working on logistics of an action. Examples of such situations abound in all social movements. This problem can be solved with self-awareness, together with the support of the organization reviewing people’s performance.

Finally, each layer needs its own authentic leaders. Campaigners cannot prepare an action without practical people who take initiative and participate in the decisions: you need someone to tell you if a certain action is technically possible and how to go around practical obstacles. A committee consisting solely of delegations of organizations would need either extremely talented people or a proactive facilitator; otherwise it would turn into a negotiating table because the different priorities and sensibilities of the delegates would kill the synergy. But perhaps most crucial is the following: A member of an organization has inner motivation to run campaigns, and a campaigner feels the need to do actions that feed the campaign. A person that belongs to a higher layer comes with a sense of self-discipline to a lower layer. In time, the natural tendency is that these people assume the roles that others don’t want, and they slowly evolve into the leaders of the organization. Later, someone notices that all the leadership of a campaign is centralized in one or two organizations, or that all the leadership of an organization is taken up by political party militants. The trick here is to acknowledge that this is a natural tendency, and not necessarily some infiltration plan of one group or another. This lack of capacity at each level is perhaps the most difficult to resolve. I don’t know any simple solutions to this problem, but the next paragraph will exercise a few ideas.

§10. I have not seen an organization at any layer that didn’t have serious concerns about its capacity in terms of human resources. All organizations that want to grow feel the need of recruiting and training leaders. They also struggle to allocate the existing leadership in an effective way.

We need more people.

How do we get them?

There are organic ways of training new leaders, about which millions of books are published for business settings. Very little of these “Find the leader inside you” books apply to activism, because corporations use money to educate, tame and motivate in a competitive environment while we depend on volunteer work in a cooperative environment. Even so, it is possible to accompany a person gaining more confidence and experience, using bits of practical tools suggested in these books on coaching.

While very limited, there exist some activist tools, such as the Ladder of Engagement that guides organizers to identify the level of engagement of each member and to help them get further engaged in a comfortable way. Another approach is to simplify tasks into concrete tiny steps, and delegate them to new people together with basic guidelines. Checklists for Activists in Climáximo’s website are an attempt in this direction, breaking tasks like taking notes in a meeting, sending out a press release, taking photos in an action, etc. into minuscule operational parts.

Finally, this very article aims at giving a somewhat theoretical framework for organizing. I understand that some people need intuitive and social tools, while others may prefer a more methodical approach. I am aware that this kind of articles are helpful for the latter kind of activists only.

Even so, I believe that schematic simplications can help clarify and tidy up the structures and discussions in social movements. As we say in mathematics: you have to fully comprehend 2+2=4 in order to understand that in modular arithmetic 2+2 can equal 1 (mod 3) or 0 (mod 4) too.

prepared by
Sinan Eden

You can also download this document as PDF: Four layers

* Throughout this text, I will give examples mostly based on climate justice, and the organizational examples will be Climáximo and its activities.

** Obviously, this is not only a dynamic process but also a social construction: The feminist group may, while winning certain battles, expand its understanding of feminism and therefore remain as radical as it was some years ago; or, conversely, there may be a shift in the social perception and the society may decide that it already has enough gender equality (for instance, through conservative cultural engineering) and the feminist group may lose its social power.

*** Here, I do not mean leadership in any structural sense. The organization can be fully horizontal. By a leader, I mean anyone who leads others ideologically, politically, strategically or tactically – depending on the layer. Leadership can come with experience or skills, acknowledged by the group as a whole. A leader in social movements should ideally thrive for stopping to be a leader. This is only possible by distributing power and initiative, and this is only possible by sharing skills and training others. Life starts vertical because we live in alienated, class societies. To make it horizontal, we need to acknowledge that life is vertical and address this issue consciously.

Vais marchar este sábado? Algumas dicas

Este sábado, dia 8 de setembro, milhares vão sair às ruas, com nada menos do que 730 ações em 88 países já confirmadas. Em Portugal, vamos marchar em três cidades: Lisboa, Porto e Faro.

Neste documento:

  • Faixas e pancartas
  • Palavras de ordem
  • Fotos e vídeos durante a marcha
  • E depois?

Faixas e pancartas

Temos muitas faixas e pancartas contra os combustíveis fósseis, as petrolíferas e capitalismo, e pelo clima, justiça e emprego. Todos estes materiais foram produzidos colectivamente nas sessões de preparação. Ajuda-nos transmitir as reivindicações da marcha e segura a faixa que gostas mais.18157449_433983493639269_7963512542226385232_n

Podes também desenhar e levar o teu pancarta com a mensagem que querias partilhar com outros manifestantes e com o público geral.

Palavras de ordem

Algumas palavras de ordem estão aqui: Gritos clima v2 . (Entretanto, a malta do Porto também preparou um outro ficheiro: Pregões para a marcha_porto) Vamos ter algumas pessoas com megafones a dinamizar a marcha. Traz a tua energia (renovável) e partilha a tua força com tod@s. A marcha é um espaço político popular para manifestarmos-nos e reivindicarmos um planeta justo e habitável.

Novas ideias também são sempre bem-vindas.

Fotos e vídeos durante a Marcha Mundial do Clima

Queres ajudar na produção de imagens da marcha? Vais andar com a tua câmara durante a marcha e gostarias de partilhar as tuas fotos com toda a gente?

Aqui ficam algumas dicas.40854031_1073181206196906_6329690271315394560_n

Temos duas checklists em inglês para te ajudar preparar.
Checklist for taking photos in actions
Checklist for filming in actions and events

Se quiseres partilhar as tuas fotos nas redes sociais, usa o hashtag #RiseforClimate . (Não te esqueças de tornar os teus posts de Facebook públicos, senão só os teus amigos terão acesso a estas fotos.)

  • Vamos criar um álbum de imagens das marchas. Logo no dia 8 à noite, envia as tuas fotos preferidas para marcha8set [-at-] É essencial que as envies logo que possas, porque vamos compilar as fotos para ter o álbum pronto no domingo de manhã.
  • Vamos também fazer um pequeno vídeo das três marchas em Portugal. Envia todos os teus vídeos logo no dia 8 à noite para marcha8set [-at-] É essencial que os envies mal possas, porque vamos editar o vídeo para ser publicado logo no domingo.

E depois?

Em Lisboa e no Porto, estamos a preparar Formações em Ativismo Climático para (ré-)lançar atividades e organizar novas ações. Para teres alguma ideia, podes explorar Parar o Furo, Empregos para o Clima e Virar a Maré.

Em Lisboa, logo à seguir a marcha, temos uma conversa às 21h00 no Mob: Política climática de bases: conversa sobre a campanha Empregos para o Clima em Portugal

Segue o nosso site e página de Facebook para mais detalhes e novidades.

Com que então queres ajudar a financiar os movimentos globais pela justiça climática?

Dá o teu donativo onde ele faça a diferença

Sabemos que de vez em quando te questionas sobre se / a quem dar um donativo. Por isso preparámos para ti uma versão portuguesa deste artigo, para te ajudar a decidir: So You Want to Donate to the Global Movements for Climate Justice?

Se estás a ler isto, é porque sobreviveste ao bombardeio anual de pedidos de ONGs como a Avaaz, a Greenpeace, a WWF, etc., que apanharam algures o teu e-mail e te contactam periodicamente em busca de donativos. Talvez já tenhas doado, ou talvez tenhas resistido, mas em qualquer caso provavelmente questionaste-te: será que o meu dinheiro faz alguma diferença? Que impacto terá ele no mundo?

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Acontece que muitas das mais sólidas ​​(e bem financiadas) ONGs não oferecem grandes resultados comparado com as doações que recebem. A perceção geral do papel da sociedade civil na mudança social tem-se alterado (pelo menos) ligeiramente, e é agora comum ouvir-se que são os grupos de base e comunidades locais que devem ser apoiados, em lugar das ONGs estabelecidas. Não só por ser essa a escolha certa moralmente, mas também por ser a melhor estratégia. Mas mesmo quando se usa termos como “grupos de base” ou “comunidades locais”, pela natureza fundamentalmente Euro- e Americo-cêntrica da internet e do movimento climático, acabam por ser sobretudo os grupos e comunidades no mundo desenvolvido a ser financiados. Isto tem como resultado, naturalmente, que o movimento climático reflita as preocupações, prioridades e estratégias não dos movimentos e defensores ambientais que estão na linha da frente do combate aos crimes ambientais – mas sim dos financiadores do Norte Global e da classe socioeconómica que representam. Como Cory Morningstar questiona: “Desde quando é que entidades poderosas vão investir em atividades que prejudiquem a sua capacidade de manter poder, privilégio e riqueza?”

No livro fundamental “O preço da ação climática” (The Price of Climate Action), Edouard Morena explora como um punhado de Fundações de orientação ideológica neoliberal ajudou a estabelecer e orientar o regime climático internacional e, em particular, o Acordo de Paris de 2015. Ao olhar para as origens da filantropia climática internacional e sua evolução nas últimas três décadas, o autor examina o papel das Fundações filantrópicas no debate climático internacional.

Esta é apenas mais uma forma de colonialismo, e aliás uma maneira de o capitalismo se perpetuar, oferecendo a aparência de mudança sem resolver os desequilíbrios fundamentais de poder que resultam em tamanha injustiça.

Esta crítica ao modelo das ONGs e a sua relação com as Fundações de elite poderia ser assunto para uma série de artigos. Mas a nossa intenção aqui não é entrar nessas águas turbulentas; mas sim oferecer-te a ti, car@ leitor(a), algumas sugestões sobre os grupos heróicos em redor do mundo que achamos serem dignos do teu donativo. Por isso traduzimos para ti esta lista de organizações (compilada no artigo original), a maioria delas no Sul Global, que estão a fazer um trabalho importante e deveriam ser mais apoiadas. Nem todas têm meios de pagamento massificados como o Paypal, mas para cada uma incluímos a informação de contacto.


Centro de Informação e Desenvolvimento Alternativo, África do Sul
(Alternative Information and Development Centre)
O projeto One Million Climate Jobs do Centro conduz pesquisas importantes sobre como alcançar uma Transição Justa, longe da economia de combustíveis fósseis.
Mais informações:

Organização de Desenvolvimento Pastoralista da Terra Árida, Etiópia
(Arid Land Pastoralist Development Organization (ALPDO))
Estes grupos de pastores uniram-se numa ONG indígena formalmente reconhecida para dar resposta a problemas de segurança alimentar, constrangimentos e alterações climáticas no sul da Etiópia. Eles empreendem projetos de gestão de risco de desastres que têm um impacto significativo no trabalho autónomo para as comunidades pastoris locais de Nyangatom e Dassanach. O objetivo deles é desenvolver atividades integradas de desenvolvimento que gradualmente aliviem as limitações mais sérias ao desenvolvimento e tragam mudanças positivas à condição socioeconómica das comunidades pastoris e agro-pastoris.
Mais informações:
Contato: Abreham Bengosa,

Centro de ação para o desenvolvimento durável das autonomias Pygmées, Camarões
(Centre d’action pour le développement durable des autochtones Pygmées (CADDAP))
Uma organização indígena que trabalha sobre questões de florestas e direitos humanos, muitas vezes em coligação com outros grupos indígenas.

Centro de Direitos Ambientais, África do Sul
(Centre for Environmental Rights)
Uma organização de advogados ativistas que ajudam comunidades e organizações da sociedade civil na África do Sul a concretizar o seu direito constitucional a um meio ambiente saudável, defendendo e litigando pela justiça ambiental.
Mais informações:

Earthlife Africa, África do Sul
Um grupo de justiça ambiental que busca uma vida melhor para todas as pessoas sem explorar outras pessoas ou degradar o meio ambiente, incentivando e apoiando indivíduos, empresas e indústrias para reduzir a poluição, minimizar o desperdício e proteger os recursos naturais.
Mais informações:

Adaptação Baseada em Ecossistemas para a Assembleia de Segurança Alimentar, Gâmbia
(Ecosystems Based Adaptation for Food Security Assembly)
O primeiro enquadramento abrangente pan-africano e plataforma de implementação é um espaço orientado para soluções e destinado a colmatar lacunas para garantir políticas adequadas para enfrentar os desafios-chave em África: alimentação, insegurança nutricional, pobreza, desemprego, alterações climáticas e degradação. O núcleo da Gâmbia foi lançado em 2016.
Mais informações:
Nome da Conta: EBAFOSA Gâmbia
Número da conta: 0010014905170101
IBAN: 008201001517010129
Banco: ECOBANK Gambia Limited

GrassrootsAfrica, Gana
Esta é uma organização local de apoio com foco especial em direitos humanos, sociais, género, justiça económica e bem-estar. A organização tem uma visão pan-africanista e trabalha para melhorar a vida dos pobres e desfavorecidos em África, especialmente mulheres e crianças.
Mais informações:

Rede de Informação Indígena, Quénia
(Indigenous Information Network)
O IIN trabalha em questões de direitos para grupos indígenas pastoris e habitantes de florestas no Quénia.
Mais informações:
Contato: |

Comité de Coordenação dos Povos Indígenas da África
(Indigenous Peoples of Africa Co-ordinating Committee)
Esta rede representa 135 organizações de povos indígenas em 20 países africanos e visa promover os direitos humanos dos povos indígenas, a igualdade de género e a participação na conservação ambiental.
Mais informações:

Jeune Chrétien en Ação para o Desenvolvimento, Togo
(Jeune Chrétien en Action pour le Développement)
A JCAD dedica-se à prevenção e transformação de conflitos, a uma cultura de paz, à proteção de mulheres e crianças, a luta contra as ISTs, o VIH e a SIDA, e a iniciar programas de desenvolvimento comunitário.
Mais informações:
Nome do banco: ECOBANK
Código Swift: ECOCTGTG
Código do banco: TG055
Número da conta: 7240141420092901
Endereço da agência bancária: Agence Adidogome, BP 3302; LOME TOGO

Oilwatch Africa
A Oilwatch é uma rede de resistência global que trabalha para impedir a expansão de atividades de carvão, petróleo e gás socialmente destrutivas e ambientalmente prejudiciais no mundo, promovendo a construção de um movimento local, nacional e internacionalmente com pessoas e comunidades afetadas e / ou resistindo às atividades de extração de combustíveis fósseis. .
Mais informações: Contato:

Aliança Pan-Africana de Justiça Climática
(Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA))
PACJA é uma coligação continental de mais de 1000 organizações da sociedade civil e redes de diversas origens na África. Sua missão é desenvolver e promover o desenvolvimento a favor dos pobres e posições baseadas na equidade relevantes para África no diálogo internacional sobre alterações climáticas e processos relacionados.
Mais informações:

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Centro Integrado Rural para o Empoderamento Comunitário, Libéria
(Rural Integrated Center for Community Empowerment (RICCE))
A RICCE é uma ONG de desenvolvimento que apoia o empoderamento das populações rurais que são desafiadas por desastres, conflitos e coerção para melhorar a sua subsistência através da promoção da segurança alimentar, geração de renda, paridade de género, gestão sustentável de recursos naturais e ambiente saudável em toda a Libéria.
Mais informações:

Salvar Lamu, Quênia
(Save Lamu)
A campanha luta contra um enorme projeto de carvão e mega-porto através de lobby e advocacia, formações, pesquisa e capacitação na comunidade.
Mais informações:

Salve o nosso Deserto iMfolozi, África do Sul
(Save our iMfolozi Wilderness)
A rede-chave que combate o carvão de KwaZulu-Natal da África do Sul em combinação com atividades de conservação (especialmente de rinocerontes brancos) e defesa do clima é o grupo Save our iMfolozi Wilderness.
Mais informações:

Aliança Ambiental Comunitária do Sul de Durban, África do Sul
(South Durban Community Environmental Alliance)
Os principais ativistas anti-petróleo baseados na comunidade da África do Sul estão a travar lutas contra a refinação de petróleo da BP, Shell e Engen e perfuração offshore pela ExxonMobil.
Mais informações:

Associação de Desenvolvimento dos Povos do Sul do Omo (SOPDA), Etiópia
(South Omo Peoples’ Development Association (SOPDA))
A SOPDA é uma ONG que trabalha na zona sul da Omo da Etiópia desde 1991 em questões de segurança alimentar, educação, saúde, infraestrutura, conservação da biodiversidade e adaptação às alterações climáticas. Recentemente, a SOPDA também realizou conquistas significativas na conservação ambiental e gestão das alterações climática e diversificação de meios de subsistência para as mulheres pastoras.
Contato: Mamo Mala, | 0467750048/0916856451

Vaal Environmental Justice Alliance (VEJ), África do Sul
A aliança luta contra a maior fonte local de emissões de CO2 do mundo – a central de carvão / gás-para-petróleo da Sasol em Vaal, na África do Sul.
Mais informações:

Mulheres na mineração, África do Sul
(Women in Mining)
Esta rede africana de justiça climática ecofeminista luta contra o extrativismo em todos os lugares, desde as salas das COPs das Nações Unidas até às minas de carvão do continente.
Mais informações:

Fé Mundial Malauí, Malaui
(World Faith Malawi)
A missão da World Faith é acabar com a violência religiosa e lutar contra as injustiças climáticas. Eles fazem isso mobilizando grupos de jovens religiosamente diversos para abordar os principais projetos de desenvolvimento global, regional, nacional e comunitário, concentrando-se especificamente no empoderamento das mulheres, na justiça climática, na saúde pública e na educação infantil.
Mais informações:
Endereço: PO Box 607, Lilongwe, Malawi
Nome da Conta: World Faith Malawi
Nome do Banco: ECO BANK
NUMBER da conta: 0080237002800101
Código Swift: ECOCMWMW

WorldView A Gâmbia, Gâmbia
A principal missão da Worldview é defender melhor proteção ambiental por meio de parcerias com comunidades, líderes e ilustradores de imagens em movimento, realizando pesquisas nas aldeias para avaliar as necessidades locais, promovendo fogões eficientes e organizando seminários de treino e formações sobre agrossilvicultura e plantação de árvores.
Mais informações: Contato:
Nome da conta: Worldview – The Gambia
Número da conta: 201–101594–110
IBAN: 005–201–101594–011090
Banco: Guaranty Trust Bank Gâmbia, Kairaba Avenue, K.S.M.D. Gâmbia


Movimento dos povos asiáticos sobre a dívida e o desenvolvimento
(Asian People’s Movement on Debt & Development)
O APMDD é uma aliança regional de movimentos populares, organizações comunitárias, coligações, ONGs e redes que acreditam na transformação social que é abrangente e inter-relacionada. Exigem a responsabilização e o cumprimento das responsabilidades e obrigações dos governos e instituições intergovernamentais e, portanto, procuram transformar as relações, estruturas e sistemas económicos e financeiros nacionais e internacionais.
Mais informações:

Campanha de Sobrevivência e Dignidade, Índia
(Campaign for Survival and Dignity)
Uma plataforma nacional de organizações de moradores de tribos e florestas em dez Estados que defendem a Lei dos Direitos da Floresta.
Mais informações:

Conversas sobre o clima, Singapura
(Climate Conversations)
Conversas sobre o clima é uma iniciativa que visa inspirar conversas significativas que levam as pessoas a cuidar do nosso ambiente e do nosso futuro. Mais informações:

Centro de Recursos Costeiros, Índia
(Coastal Resource Centre)
O Centro, com sede em Chennai, visa fornecer apoio sustentado às comunidades costeiras para desafiar atividades destrutivas de desenvolvimento e combater o desenvolvimento insustentável, usando espaços democráticos para dissidentes e envolvimento proativo e, ao mesmo tempo, aumentar a resiliência dessas comunidades aos caprichos de um futuro incerto.
Mais informações:

Environics Trust, Índia
A Environics visa desenvolver soluções inovadoras e baseadas em evidências para os problemas de desenvolvimento comunitário, que respondem à diversidade e complexidade de ecossistemas e ambientes sociopoliticoculturais específicos .
Mais informações:

Grupo de Apoio Ambiental, Índia
(Environmental Support Group)
O Grupo de Apoio ao Meio Ambiente trabalha com uma variedade de iniciativas de justiça ambiental e social na Índia e no mundo. Tratam de forma proativa as questões de justiça ambiental e social, colaborando entre setores e disciplinas, mantendo os interesses das comunidades locais afetadas pelo projeto e dos ecossistemas sem voz.
Mais informações:

Federação Nacional de Hawker, Índia
(National Hawker Federation)
A NHF é uma associação de vendedores de rua em 28 estados, com 1.188 sindicatos, incluindo 11 sindicatos centrais e mais de 20 sindicatos internacionais.
Mais informações:

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Nirmanee Development Foundation, no Sri Lanka
(Nirmanee Development Foundation (NDF))
A missão da Nirmanie Development Foundation é contribuir para a sustentabilidade da sociedade, capacitando as pessoas a acreditarem na sua sabedoria e alternativas para a atual crise social e económica.
Mais informações:

Movimento Filipinas pela Justiça Climática, Filipinas
(Philippines Movement for Climate Justice)
O PMCJ é uma ampla coligação nas Filipinas que trabalha com setores e comunidades vulneráveis para fazer campanha pela justiça climática.
Mais informações:

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Sociedade para Conservação da Biodiversidade do Pantanal, Nepal
Society for Wetland Biodiversity Conservation (SWBC)

Thanal, Índia
A Thanal é uma organização que trabalha para transformar o lado tóxico da agricultura em saudável através de empresas sociais que fornecem a milhares de consumidores o acesso a alimentos seguros e nutritivos, ao mesmo tempo que melhoram a qualidade de vida de centenas de agricultores. Eles têm uma campanha nacional Save our Rice e incentivaram milhares de agricultores em cinco estados a adotar práticas agrícolas ecológicas, conservar e cultivar variedades tradicionais de sementes de alta qualidade e garantir o fornecimento de arroz orgânico aos consumidores nesses estados. Thanal também administra um Centro de Resíduos Zero.
Mais informações:

América Latina

Acción Ecológica, Equador
Grupo horizontal de ecologistas radicais desafiando o paradigma de desenvolvimento dominante e defendendo abordagens alternativas para responder a muitas questões da sociedade.
Mais informação:

Amazon Watch
Mais informações:

Asociación Indigena de Limoncocha, Equador

Alter Vida, Paraguai
A Alter Vida trabalha para desenvolver e promover sistemas de gestão socioambiental com foco nos direitos humanos.
Mais informações:
Contato: |

Censat Agua Viva, Colômbia
Mais informações:

Coletivo Viento Sur, Chile
Trata-se de um coletivo multidisciplinar, estruturado horizontalmente, que trabalha de forma holística em todo o Chile para ajudar na construção de uma sociedade sustentável e soberana.
Mais informações:

Fundaexpresión, Colômbia
Esta ONG promove o trabalho participativo de educação e investigação nas comunidades locais da Colômbia. Os seus objetivos são capacitar os grupos marginalizados para alcançar melhores condições de vida, organização social e conservação de seu patrimônio ambiental e cultural.
Mais informações:

Grufides, Perú
Com sede na região de Cajamarca, no Peru, a Grufides trabalha em defesa dos direitos humanos e do meio ambiente, defendendo a economia solidária, práticas ecológicas sustentáveis, o direito à água, a equidade de gênero e o diálogo intergeracional.
Mais informações:

Campanha Internacional para Yasuní, Equador
(International Campaign for Yasuní)
Jovens guerreiros ecológicos que prometeram proteger o parque Yasuní, no Equador, da exploração de petróleo, defender a constituição e combater o patriarcado e o antropocentrismo.
Mais informações:
Contato: |

Observatório de Conflitos Mineiros da América Latina (OCMAL)
Uma rede de vários grupos listados aqui, com foco em documentar conflitos de mineração na região.
Mais informações:

Observatório Petrolero Sur (OPSur), Argentina
Coordenadora latino-americana da rede Oilwatch, a OPSur trabalha em questões de energia, meio ambiente e direitos coletivos com uma abordagem holística. Defendem a transição para uma matriz energética alternativa sob uma estrutura de justiça ambiental e social e seguem três áreas de Territórios Livres do Petróleo, Soberania Energética e Justiça Ambiental.
Mais informações:

Observatório Latino-americano de Conflitos Ambientais (OLCA), Chile
A OLCA aconselha comunidades em conflito, para melhorar suas capacidades de gestão e garantir seus direitos ambientais. Também monitoriza os conflitos ambientais, desenvolve ferramentas de gestão para eles e investiga e dissemina informações relacionadas com a proteção ambiental e os direitos dos cidadãos.
Mais informações:

Plataforma Boliviana frente al Cambio Climático, Bolívia
A Plataforma trabalha para desafiar o modelo de desenvolvimento predominante e produz pesquisas e materiais sobre economia verde, direitos dos povos indígenas e mineração, entre outras questões. Eles trabalham com comunidades em toda a Bolívia e também mantêm uma presença em espaços internacionais.
Mais informações:

TierrActiva, Bolívia / Colômbia / Perú
Esta rede regional emergente evoluiu de maneira diferente em cada país, mas está unida por uma visão central de “mudança de sistema, não mudança climática” e práticas de organização horizontal. O TierrActiva reúne jovens de diversas comunidades residentes na Bolívia, Colômbia e Peru:

Mais informações:
Mais informações:
Mais informações:


Nós, que vivemos em Portugal e em outros países do Norte Global, temos uma grande oportunidade de ajudar os movimentos que realmente precisam isso. A transição energética global e a mitigação das alterações climáticas devem ser feitas de uma maneira justa. É importante capacitar aqueles que estão a lutar todos os dias nas lutas que eles não começaram.

Junta-te às organizações e aos coletivos existentes e faz parte da luta. Se não há nenhuma organização na tua cidade, forma uma. Fala connosco para saber mais.


Climáximo é um coletivo horizontal de ativismo climático. Temos reuniões abertas todas as semanas e muitas atividades para se envolver. Descubra mais no nosso site:

Checklist for writing Meeting Minutes

We are publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Checklist – Meeting Minutes v1 . If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

Before the meeting

I know the topics and agenda of the meeting.

I know how detailed the meeting minutes are expected to be: just the decisions and information, or all the discussions? (In the latter case, it may be better to have more than one person taking notes.)

I know if there is any validation process: if the notes are to be sent to approval or modifications.

I am aware of the deadline to send the minutes.

I know where to send the minutes to.

During the meeting

I took note of the attendance list (if considered necessary).

I structure the notes as topics and subtopics.

I interrupt the discussion if it is too quick for me to take notes.

For the cases in which the reader is supposed to act, I use ACT (bold and in capitals) followed by the description of the necessary action.

Example: “ACT: Everyone fill in the form [link] until next Monday.”

For specific tasks, I write the name of the responsible person in bold.

Example: “On Tuesday we will have an action training. Ernesto will prepare the content.”

After the meeting

I formatted and organized the notes so that a person who was not in the meeting can understand the summary.

At the very beginning of the minutes I created a section, KEY, where I compiled the to-do lists by person.



Vladimir: write press release proposal

Rosa: prepare speech for Wednesday action, prints pamphlets

Ernesto: prepare action training, schedule attendance for the clinic


I sent the meeting minutes, or started the validation process.

If there is a validation process: I updated the document and sent the final version.


Checklist for sending Press Releases

We will be publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Checklist – Sending Press Release v1 . If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

This checklist is about how to send a Press Release, a much simpler task than writing one.


I have the final version of the text. / I know where to find the final version of the text.

I have the list of emails (of media and journalists, and/or other organizations).

I know from which email account to send (and I have access to it): This is important, because some actions involve creation of a separate email account. This can be a false account (to avoid relating individuals to the action) or a common account (as in the case of a protest organized by many groups).

If photo/video will be attached, I have the contact of the person who will send them to me.

I know at what time to send:

immediately after an action (e.g. in mass mobilizations)

during an action (e.g. strikes)

at the beginning of an action (e.g. blockades, direct actions)

early in the morning (e.g. declarations, report releases)


The title of the email is “PRESS RELEASE: [title]”

I formatted the text carefully. It should look like this:




[One-paragraph Summary]


[signed collective/organization]


[Name of contact person: Phone number of contact person]

More information:

[Sources and links, if any]

The email has the logo and website of the organization sending it.

Email has contact person information.

I am sending always BCC.*

I am sending in smaller groups of 20 contacts instead of one massive email: This is because large amount of recipients may cause the email to be marked spam. For instance, Riseup servers do not allow for such use.

⎕ At each re-send, I pay attention to any formating errors.


I prepared an image to accompany online publications.

I published the Press Release on our own website: Sometimes it is better to wait for 1-2 hours before doing this, to see if media covers the story in their own words.

I deleted the contact person information in public posts.

The contact person is ready to receive phone calls.

I follow the news website carefully for 3-5 hours.

I share all news coverage on social media.

Also, I share the full text of the Press Release on all social media accounts that the organization has.

I deleted the contact person information in public posts.

I check email and other social media accounts for if any journalist tries to contact us.

I updated the contact list, deleting the email addresses that bounce back.


Checklist for filming in actions and events

We will be publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Checklist – Filming v1 . If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

Disclaimer: Filming in public (particularly of the police) may have legal consequences in some countries. This checklist aims at helping you with logistics and perhaps serving as a reminder for some key components of filming actions, but does not include legal issues.

Before the action

I know who else is filming.

I know what kind of video we aim at. (live stream, documentation of repression, footage for action video, footage for documentary)

I know where the activity will take place.

For action videos: I know higher spots on the route.

For repression documentation: I know safe spots with good angles and light.

Am I supposed to publish the videos directly, or should I just send them to someone?

I know to whom I should send / where to publish the videos.

I know when I should send/publish the videos.

If you will publish: I know the hashtag of the action.

I have a badge/t-shirt to identify me as a media responsible of the organization.

I always hold my camera horizontally.

For footage filming: I filmed the preparations.

For footage filming: I filmed the arrivals of the activists.

For footage for documentary: I interviewed some of the activists about what they expect and why they are participating.

I am aware of possible police reactions: Do we expect physical confrontation? Should I be saving the videos immediately online, in case police takes away my camera?

I am aware of security measures: Are there activists who should not appear in any part of the footage (in case security takes my camera)? Are there activists who must definitely appear in the video (e.g. police violence against members of the parliament, elderlies, or families)?

I set up my camera (considering brightness, flash, angle/lenses).

My camera has enough battery. (In case of live streaming: I have a back up battery.)

I checked the microphone quality of my camera.

I know who will be taking photos during the action.

I talked with the filming team and I know what they need from me (photographers might take 3-5 second short videos together with the photos).

During the action

I always hold my camera horizontally.

From which directions does the light come?

We have at least five short videos where the principal slogans are filmed.

We have at least one short video where the crowd and the principal banner are filmed.

For live streaming and for action video: I filmed the entire action so one can confirm the number of protestors.

For action video and for documentary: I have one single footage that could highlight the diversity of the participants.

For action video and for documentary: My footages have signs or banners that identify the action. In these, all banners are legible in my photos.

We have footage of all banners.

For documentary: The activists in my videos do not look distracted or tired. (They may be shouting a slogan, or simply smiling to the camera.)

We have close-up and audible videos of all speakers of the demonstration or conference.

For photos of speakers: I have videos that show various emotions of a speaker. (anger, joy, determination, cheerfulness etc.)

We have some detail footage: people talking to each other, families, an interaction with security authorities, people with colourful costumes or t-shirts with slogans, people holding signs with long phrases, celebrities, etc.

I always hold my camera horizontally. (Seriously, do not ever forget this.)

If there is a banner drop: I shot a video catching the entire banner drop.

If there is confrontation: I filmed the banners that police took away.

For repression documentation: I documented police violence and I am in a safe place to protect the footage.

For repression videos: My videos include the political message – and not just the physical confrontation itself. (Sometimes a sign or a banner is visible. Sometimes the building entrance has a logo. Sometimes activists have t-shirts that identify them with a cause. Perhaps some verbal messaging from activists. In the worst case, I myself spoke to describe and contextualize the situation.)

I am delivering all the urgent videos right away. (The reasons for this may be: An immediate press release must be sent. / Police may take away my camera. / The hashtag is becoming a trending topic and the organizers are expected to feed in.)

After the action

I know where my camera is, and if and how I could get it.

I got into contact with others of the filming team and confirmed that we have good videos of all kinds.

I sent all the videos to the organizers.

If you are expected to publish: I made a careful selection of 5-10 short videos that include crowds, banners, slogans, speakers and details; and I published them with a descriptive text and with the right hashtag.

If there is an immediate video to be edited: I sent all my photos and short videos to the person who will edit the video.


How to present an action in an action briefing

We will be publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Action briefing v1. If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

Some actions are organized over several meetings with the participation of all the activists involved, and some actions are organized by an affinity group while other activists only show up to take part in the action. This note for organizers applies to the latter case.

Many people show up in an action briefing with some doubts, because they didn’t participate in the process of its creation. Other people may have doubts because they may not feel sufficiently informed about the issue. So, what we as organizers need to do is not only to explain the action, but also contextualize the action and motivate people to participate in it.

Here is one way we frame actions in those meetings.

1) Context: We first explain the political context in which the action happens. Depending on who is there, you may start with climate urgency or carbon budget. Or maybe there is an auction or voting coming up about a particular project.

Basically, we start by explaining why we must act now.

We do not open a discussion about this point.

2) Concept: So, something bad is happening and we must respond. What is the message we want to transmit? This is the second step of the briefing. We try to express it as succinctly as possible, hopefully with a single slogan. In a way, this would be the summary of the press release.

We do not open a discussion about this point.

3) Image: Now, what is the action that would transmit that message? We typically think in terms of image. This is defined by the concept, but determined by our capacity (resources, logistics, availability, media outreach etc.).

It’s maybe hundreds of people putting their bodies in front of a coal excavator (like in Ende Gelände), or maybe a group of animals invading a corporation’s office (like in EZLN actions during Climate Games).

We discuss this point a little bit, because there may be interesting supplementary proposals or there may be substantial objections to the proposal.

4) Details: Then we talk about turning it operational. This is open discussion. We discuss about

– preparations: materials, trainings, meetings, meeting point and time, etc.

– action roles: activists, mediators, filming, communicators (for media and for passers-by), back-office, etc.

– communication: press release, video, live-stream, etc.

– debrief: when and where we would make an evaluation.

We start with the context (motivate), continue with the concept (inspire), then demonstrate the image (amaze), and finalize with the details (execute).

But perhaps this is still too abstract.

Below are some examples.

GALP Energia vs EZLN – Exército Zoológico de Libertação da Natureza


GALP/ENI consorcium wants to start offshore drilling for oil and gas next week. The Portuguese government talks a lot about carbon neutrality, but it gave permission for this project. This would be the first offshore oil drill in Portugal. The fossil fuel reserves already tapped and being extracted are more than our carbon budget, this drill must be stopped now.


Portugal has a strong cultural connection with the oceans. The extractivist GALP/ENI threatens to attack our ocean and our climate. We will fight back. We are nature defending itself!


We will dress up as sea animals and invade GALP headquarters. We will bring the ocean with us. We will make noise and a mess, although uncomparably less than what GALP/ENI would do to our oceans. We will stay for a couple of minutes, then leave, make our dance, and go away.


costumes, filming, choreography, banners, video, press release, trainings, meetings, etc.

EDP (Ende Gelaende, Lisbon)


A few days before COP-23, thousands of activists will occupy one of the biggest open air lignite mines in Europe. The governments have been negotiating for 23 years, and emissions keep on going up. Ende Gelaende will show how to actually cut emissions: by stopping the fossil fuel industry.

While in Portugal, EDP has the coal power plant in Sines, responsible for 10% of national emissions. EDP does a lot of greenwashing talking about electric cars (coal cars?) and a lot of whitewashing too – with its recently opened art museum.

We should show our support to our comrades in Ende Gelaende, and we need to bring coal into climate agenda in Portugal.


We will go to the museums of EDP and draw the red lines for a liveable planet. We will tell EDP that coal belongs to museums and not to energy production any more.


We will draw our red lines around Museu de Eletricidade (old power plant, now electricity museum), because fossil fuels should stay inside the museums. Then we will literally knit and weave red lines at the entrance of the newly opened art museum (MAAT).


knitting material, banners, photos, video, press release, flyers to distribute

Marcha pela Ciência & Marcha pelo Clima


Trump’s policies triggered a massive movement all around the world defending evidence-based policies for climate and social justice. In April, there will be global marches for science and (one week after) for climate.

It is important to underline that one doesn’t need to say what Trump openly says to do what Trump does. In fact, science in Portugal is underfunded and precarious, and while the government talks about carbon neutrality, it also allows new oil and gas projects.

Trump’s election is an opportunity for revealing the hypocrisy of all governments, and demand evidence-based climate policies.


Over the course of 10 days, we will have the opportunity to summarize the world and society we want.

First, on April 22nd, we will march for science, demanding more funding for those who set the factual base of evidence-based policies: scientists, teachers, universities.

One week after, on April 29th, we march for climate justice. We demand sound policies for a liveable planet, and more concretely the cancellation of new oil and gas contracts.

This will be a bridge to the May 1st labour demonstration, where we will demand jobs and justice.


We will bring people from all backgrounds and all priorities to the streets throughout ten days: scientists, students, environmentalists, frontline populations of fossil fuel extraction, youth, and workers from all sectors.


banners, posters, flyers, meetings

These examples may help to visualize how to frame an action and how to structure an action briefing.

Of course, preparing an action briefing is perhaps the least difficult part of preparing an action. But if you need numbers or if you need to motivate people for confrontation, a well-planned and carefully designed action briefing may be a useful organizational tool.

Here, you can draft your action briefing:


(why we must act now)


(what do we want to say?)


(how will we say it, what is the action?)


(what do we need to execute the action?)


Como seguir a agenda climática? Como seguir o Climáximo?

O Facebook alterou a prioridade dos algoritmos em relação àquilo que aparece no feed de notícias. A justificação oficial para esta alteração é a de que, desta forma, o Facebook será uma rede social destinada aos amigos e família e não tanto um meio de comunicação social. Na realidade, o que motiva a alteração é o dinheiro, claro.

Começaste a ver muito menos publicações das páginas que seguias, pois só as páginas que pagam o conteúdo patrocinado terão a capacidade de chegar até ti. Isto constitui um problema se utilizas o Facebook para aceder a fontes alternativas de informação. É também um grande problema se o estavas a usar para ter conhecimento dos eventos que estão a acontecer perto de ti, já que nada disto vai aparecer no teu feed de notícias – irão aparecer no feed de páginas, o que em smartphones se revela muito pouco prático.

Alteração esta que pode ser drástica para muitos de nós.

Mais concretamente, irás ver menos notícias sobre alterações climáticas e sobre as lutas climáticas pelo Climáximo, correndo o risco de algumas das nossas iniciativas te passarem ao lado.

Assim sendo, podes fazer o seguinte:

1) Dar prioridade à nossa página.

A nossa página do Facebook pode-te ser muito útil por partilharmos notícias sobre ciência climática e sobre os movimentos pela justiça climática, assim como as nossas próprias iniciativas. Podes ver essas publicações da seguinte forma:

Vai à página do Climáximo. Clica em A seguir/Following e, imediatamente abaixo de No teu feed de notícias/In Your News Feed, seleciona Ver primeiro/See first. Desta forma, os conteúdos que partilhamos deverão aparecer no teu feed de notícias.

fb page

2) Segue o nosso site da Internet

No nosso site publicamos as nossas actividades, artigos de opinião e partilhamos e informação de outras fontes. Para seguir o que nós fazemos faz o seguinte:

Vai ao site do Climáximo: . Na barra do Menu, à direita do botão “f”, clica nos três pontos.


Irão aparecer mais opções. Abaixo de Follow Climáximo via Email, escreve o teu endereço de e-mail e clica em Follow. Desta forma, irás receber um e-mail de cada vez que publicarmos alguma coisa no nosso site.


3) Subscreve a Agenda pelo Clima

A Agenda pelo Clima é um mapa interactivo no qual partilhamos todos os eventos em Portugal (do Climáximo, mas não só) relacionados com a justiça climática. De facto, aqui podes publicar o teu próprio evento. Esta é também uma forma de receberes informação acerca de acções, conferências, encontros, protestos, projecção de filmes, etc.
Uma forma simples é visitar a Agenda pelo Clima regularmente:

agenda clima

No entanto, podes esquecer-te de a consultar, já que existem vários sites diferentes para serem consultados diariamente. Assim, se fizeres a inscrição com o teu endereço de e-mail e código postal, irás receber automaticamente e-mails com todos os futuros eventos perto de ti.

4) Segue-nos no Twitter

O Twitter ainda não alterou os seus algoritmos. Desta forma, poderás ver tudo o que foi publicado recentemente. Todas as nossas publicações do Facebook são duplicadas no Twitter. Podes seguir-nos em

5) Aparece numa reunião

Também tens as soluções à moda antiga. Se te queres envolver no activismo climático, as nossas reuniões semanais acontecem todas as terças-feiras às 19h30 no CIDAC (Picoas). Aqui tens mais informações sobre elas:

Checklist for taking photos in actions

We will be publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Checklist – Photos v1 . If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

Disclaimer: Taking photos in public (particularly of the police) may have legal consequences in some countries. This checklist aims at helping you with logistics and perhaps serving as a reminder for some key components of taking photos.

Before the action

I know who else is taking photos.

I know what kind of photos I should take. (large crowd, landscape, banners, signs, speaker, details, confrontation etc.)

I know the route.

For crowd photos: I know higher spots on the route.

For confrontation photos: I know safe spots with good angles.

Am I supposed to publish the photos directly, or should I just send them to someone?

I know to whom I should send / where to publish the photos.

I know when I should send/publish the photos.

If you will publish: I know the hashtag of the action.

I have a badge/t-shirt to identify me as a photographer of the organization.

I am aware of possible police reactions: Do I have to take photos of a banner before police/security takes it away? Do we expect physical confrontation?

I am aware of security measures: Are there activists who should not appear in any of my photos (in case security takes my camera)? Are there activists who must definitely appear in my photos (e.g. police violence against members of the parliament, elderlies, or families)?

I set up my camera (considering brightness, flash, angle/lenses).

My camera has enough battery.

I know who will be filming the action.

I talked with the filming team and I know what they need from me (photographers might take 3-5 second short videos together with the photos).

During the action

From which directions does the light come?

We have at least five photos where the crowd and the principal banner are visible.

For large crowd photos: I took several photos with the principal banner and the demonstrators behind.

For large crowd photos: I took several photos where one can confirm the number of protestors.

For landscape photos: I took several photos with several banners and signs.

For landscape photos: My photos have signs or banners that identify the action.

We have photos of all banners.

For banner photos: All banners are legible in my photos.

For banner photos: The banner holders in my photos do not look distracted or tired. (They may be shouting a slogan, or simply smiling to the camera.)

We have a selection of photos with various signs.

For sign photos: The sign holders in my photos do not look distracted or tired. (They may be shouting a slogan, or simply smiling to the camera.)

We have close-up photos of all speakers of the demonstration.

For photos of speakers: The photos are not blurred.

For photos of speakers: I have photos that show various emotions of a speaker. (anger, joy, determination, cheerfulness etc.)

We have some detail photos: people talking to each other, families, an interaction with security authorities, people with colourful costumes or t-shirts with slogans, people holding signs with long phrases, celebrities, etc.

If there is a banner drop: I took many horizontal and vertical photos catching the full phrase.

If there is confrontation: I took photos of the banners that police took away.

For confrontation photos: I documented police violence.

For confrontation photos: My photos include the political message – and not just the physical confrontation itself. (Sometimes a sign or a banner is visible. Sometimes the building entrance has a logo. Sometimes activists have t-shirts that identify them with a cause.)

I am delivering all the urgent photos right away. (The reasons for this may be: An immediate press release must be sent. / Police may take away my camera. / The hashtag is becoming a trending topic and the organizers are expected to feed in.)

If the filming team requested something: I have enough material for the video.

After the action

I know where my camera is, and if and how I could get it.

I got into contact with other photographers and confirmed that we have good photos of all kinds (large crowd, landscape, banners, signs, speaker, details, confrontation etc.).

I selected some 10-20 photos in good conditions, and I sent them to the organizers separately.

I sent all the photos to the organizers.

If you are expected to publish: I made a careful selection of 5-10 photos that include crowds, banners, speakers and details; and I published them with a descriptive text and with the right hashtag.

If there is an immediate video to be edited: I sent all my photos and short videos to the person who will edit the video.

Checklist for preparing a meeting

We will be publishing simple practical lists for organizers, under the tag “checklists for activists”. The pdf version of this one is available here: Checklist – Meetings v1 . If you download it, pay attention to the version number as we might update the files later.

Disclaimer: Organizing is a political act. A meeting cannot be reduced to a checklist. However, this list may help you with logistics and perhaps serve as a reminder for some key components of organizing the meeting.

Before the meeting

The meeting is announced, meaning either that it is publicized (through the group’s website, newsletter, Facebook page etc.) or that the members of the group are informed (through the mailing list, individual emails, phone, SMS, Whatsapp/Telegram/Signal group etc.)

The meeting location is confirmed.

We have everything we need for a meeting.


screen for projection

sound system


internet connection


board markers

flip charts


I know how many people to expect.

I read the previous meeting minutes for pending topics and tasks, necessary feedbacks, and upcoming events/tasks.

I prepared a tentative meeting agenda.

I know who would facilitate the meeting.

The facilitators developed tools to facilitate collective decision making.

The participants know about the meeting agenda, or at least the objective of the meeting.

I know the group’s attitude/policy/decision about progressive moderation.

I know when the meeting should end.

During the meeting

Participants know each other or at least the organizers of the meeting.

Participants know the hand signals that may be used during the meeting.

The meeting agenda is announced.

There is a facilitator (either decided upon at the moment, or announced if pre-decided).

Everyone knows when the meeting should end.

We are writing meeting minutes.

We make sure everyone participates (Progressive moderation? Newcomers?).

We time topics carefully in order not to rush potentially important subjects.

We make sure people are assigned to tasks.

We make sure deadlines are set for tasks.

We know when and where the next meeting will be – if any.

After the meeting

We cleaned the meeting space.

We delivered back any borrowed materials.

The meeting minutes and decisions are shared with the group/organizers.